Principles of Inorganic Chemistry Puri Sharma Kalia PDF: A Comprehensive Guide for Students
If you are looking for a book that covers all the topics of inorganic chemistry in a clear and concise manner, then you should consider Principles of Inorganic Chemistry Puri Sharma Kalia PDF. This book is written by B.R. Puri, L.R. Sharma and K.K. Kalia, who are well-known experts in the field of chemistry. The book is divided into 21 chapters, each dealing with a specific aspect of inorganic chemistry, such as atomic structure, periodic table, chemical bonding, coordination compounds, acids and bases, oxidation and reduction, metallurgy and more. The book also includes numerous examples, solved problems, exercises and multiple choice questions to help students test their understanding and prepare for exams.
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Principles of Inorganic Chemistry Puri Sharma Kalia PDF is a valuable resource for students who want to learn the fundamentals of inorganic chemistry and apply them to various fields of science and technology. The book is written in a simple and lucid language that makes it easy to follow and comprehend. The book is also updated with the latest developments and trends in inorganic chemistry, making it relevant and useful for today's learners.
Types of inorganic compounds
Inorganic compounds can be classified into different types based on their electron configuration, bonding type, or their reactivity to other substances. Some of the common types of inorganic compounds are:
Oxides: These are compounds that contain oxygen and another element, such as carbon dioxide (CO 2 ), water (H 2 O), or iron oxide (Fe 2 O 3 ). Oxides can be acidic, basic, or amphoteric depending on their reaction with water.
Carbonates: These are compounds that contain carbon and oxygen in the form of CO 3 2- ion, such as sodium carbonate (Na 2 CO 3 ), calcium carbonate (CaCO 3 ), or carbonic acid (H 2 CO 3 ). Carbonates can react with acids to produce carbon dioxide and water.
Sulfates: These are compounds that contain sulfur and oxygen in the form of SO 4 2- ion, such as sodium sulfate (Na 2 SO 4 ), copper sulfate (CuSO 4 ), or sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 ). Sulfates can react with bases to produce sulfites and water.
Halides: These are compounds that contain a halogen (fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine) and another element, such as sodium chloride (NaCl), potassium bromide (KBr), or silver iodide (AgI). Halides can form salts with metals or covalent compounds with nonmetals.
Scope of inorganic chemistry
Inorganic chemistry is a vast and diverse field of study that covers many aspects of science and technology. Some of the areas where inorganic chemistry is applied are:
Catalysis: Inorganic compounds are used as catalysts to speed up or control chemical reactions, such as in the Haber process for ammonia synthesis, the Ostwald process for nitric acid production, or the Fischer-Tropsch process for hydrocarbon synthesis.
Materials science: Inorganic compounds are used to create new materials with desired properties, such as ceramics, glasses, metals, alloys, semiconductors, superconductors, nanomaterials, and biomaterials.
Pigments: Inorganic compounds are used to impart color to various substances, such as paints, dyes, cosmetics, plastics, textiles, and ceramics. Some examples of inorganic pigments are titanium dioxide (white), iron oxide (red), cobalt oxide (blue), and chromium oxide (green).
Surfactants: Inorganic compounds are used to modify the surface properties of liquids and solids, such as reducing surface tension, increasing solubility, enhancing wetting, foaming, emulsifying, or dispersing. Some examples of inorganic surfactants are sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), sodium dodecylbenzenesulfonate (SDBS), and sodium hexametaphosphate (SHMP).
Coatings: Inorganic compounds are used to protect or decorate various surfaces, such as metals, wood, concrete, glass, or paper. Some examples of inorganic coatings are zinc galvanization, chrome plating, enamel coating, and varnish coating. 061ffe29dd