Tafseer E Kabeer: A Comprehensive Commentary on the Quran by Imam Razi
Tafseer E Kabeer (The Large Commentary) is one of the most influential and respected works of Tafsir (exegesis) in Islamic history. It was written by Imam Fakhr al-Din al-Razi (1149-1209), a renowned scholar, theologian and philosopher of the Sunni school of thought. Tafseer E Kabeer is also known as Mafatih al-Ghayb (Keys to the Unknown), because it covers many aspects of the Quran that are not easily understood by ordinary readers.
Tafseer E Kabeer consists of 32 volumes, covering the entire Quran in detail. Imam Razi used various sources and methods to interpret the Quran, such as linguistic analysis, rational arguments, theological doctrines, mystical insights, historical context and hadith (traditions of the Prophet Muhammad). He also addressed many controversial issues and questions that arose among Muslims regarding the Quran, such as the nature of God, free will and predestination, miracles and prophecy, the creation of the universe and human beings, the afterlife and eschatology, etc.
Tafseer E Kabeer is widely admired for its depth, breadth and originality. It is considered a masterpiece of Islamic scholarship and a valuable resource for anyone who wants to understand the Quran better. However, it is also criticized by some scholars for its excessive reliance on rationalism and philosophy, its occasional deviation from the consensus of the early Muslim generations, and its inclusion of some weak or fabricated hadiths.
Tafseer E Kabeer has been translated into several languages, including Urdu, which is spoken by millions of Muslims in South Asia and elsewhere. The Urdu translation was done by Maulana Syed Zawwar Husain Shah Naqvi (d. 1986), a prominent scholar and leader of the Shia community in Pakistan. He completed the translation in 536 volumes, which are available online in PDF format for free download.
If you are interested in reading Tafseer E Kabeer in Urdu, you can find it at this link: Tafseer E Kabeer Book ØªÙØÛØ ÚØÛØÛØÙ ØÙ ØØØÛ Ù ÚÙ ÙÛØØØÙ
Tafseer E Kabeer is not only a commentary on the Quran, but also a comprehensive encyclopedia of Islamic knowledge. It covers various fields of study, such as theology, philosophy, jurisprudence, ethics, mysticism, science, history and literature. Imam Razi quoted extensively from the Quran, the hadith, the opinions of other scholars and commentators, and the works of non-Muslim thinkers, such as Aristotle, Plato, Galen and others. He also used his own reasoning and logic to explain and defend his views.
Tafseer E Kabeer is a unique and original contribution to the Islamic intellectual tradition. It reflects Imam Razi's vast erudition, critical thinking and creative imagination. It also shows his openness to different perspectives and sources of knowledge, as well as his willingness to engage in dialogue and debate with those who disagreed with him. He was not afraid to challenge the established opinions or to express his own doubts and questions. He was a seeker of truth and a lover of wisdom.
Tafseer E Kabeer is a treasure of Islamic heritage that deserves to be studied and appreciated by Muslims and non-Muslims alike. It is a source of guidance and inspiration for those who want to understand the Quran better and to apply its teachings to their lives. It is also a testimony to the richness and diversity of Islamic thought and culture throughout history. 061ffe29dd